Monday, February 29, 2016

What commodity markets want from FM

What commodity markets want from FM
Traders seek, among other things, CTT abolition to improve volumes
The Indian markets are gearing up for the big event today — the Union Budget. We take a look at what the commodity market participants expect from it.
Commodity Transaction Tax

If there is one wish that tops the list for almost all participants in the commodity sector, it is the removal of the commodity transaction tax (CTT) that was introduced in July 2013. This tax is levied on the sale transaction of the commodity futures except for exempted agricultural commodities such as chana, soyabean, turmeric, etc.
The introduction of this tax has taken trading volumes sharply lower in both the Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) and the National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX). PK Singhal, Joint MD, MCX, says, “CTT has increased the cost of trading derivatives by almost 300 per cent and trading volumes have come down more than 50 per cent after its introduction.”
Singhal also adds that the increased trading cost has moved the domestic trading business to offshore markets like Dubai and Singapore. Data from MCX shows that trading volumes have declined from an average ₹149 lakh crore in 20011-12 to ₹54 lakh crore in 2014-15. In NCDEX, the volumes have slumped from an average ₹18.22 lakh crore in 2011-12 to ₹10.22 lakh crore in 2014-15.
Some of these volume declines are also a result of the commodity price meltdown. NCDEX too expects some relief on CTT for processed agri-commodities like sugar and soyaoil.
Import duty change demands

Hareesh V, Research Head, Geofin Comtrade, says the gold and gem industry is expecting a reduction in import duty on gold to 2 per cent from 10 per cent.
Increasing the gold import duty in August 2013 was one of the several measures the government had taken in order to bring down the current account deficit (CAD). India’s CAD has improved from $21.8 billion in June 2013 to $8.2 billion as of September 2015.
Other expectations

Hareesh adds that in order to protect domestic growers from cheap imports, the rubber industry is expecting an increase in the import duty on natural rubber to 40 per cent from 25 per cent. Similarly, an import duty cut to 5 per cent from 30 per cent is expected for oilseeds.
Sushil Sinha, Head of Karvy Comtrade, wants the Centre to introduce measures to help companies hedge their commodity exposure risk. He also wishes that the Centre allocates more fund and speeds up the process of setting up a national unified agri-commodity market.
He also wants improvement to infrastructure in terms of warehouses, testing labs, research, etc. Sinha believes participation in the commodity market will improve if a clearing and settlement corporation comes up for commodities, like the one prevailing for equities.
NCDEX wants the Budget to introduce measures to allow banks and asset management companies to invest in the commodity futures market.
Also, with commodity market regulation being taken over by the Securities and Exchange Board of India, NCDEX expects the introduction of new products like options and new indices, going forward.

Thursday, February 25, 2016

ICSG releases February 2016 Copper Bulletin

ICSG releases February 2016 Copper Bulletin
The International Copper Study Group (ICSG) has released preliminary data for the month of November last year in its February 2016 Copper Bulletin. According to preliminary ICSG data, copper production and usage data points to a marginal production deficit of nearly 25,000 metric tonnes.
The refined copper market balance for the month of November ‘15 showed an apparent production deficit of nearly 25,000 metric tonnes. The production deficit for the month, after making seasonal adjustments for global refined copper production and usage, stood at 20,000 metric tonnes. The refined copper balance for the initial eleven months of the year ended in production surplus of around 50,000 metric tonnes as compared with a deficit of around 545,000 tonnes during the corresponding period in 2014.
World refined production increased by nearly 1.6% (nearly 330,000 t) during the first eleven months of 2015. Primary production was up 2%, whereas the secondary production held steady. The refined copper production during the month witnessed significant growth of 4.0% in China. The production by the US witnessed an increase of 1.5%. On the other hand, the refined copper output by Chile and Japan dropped by 1.5% and 4% respectively. The African and Asian region recorded 3% rise in refined copper production each. On the other hand, refined output declined by 5% in the Oceania region.
The world copper mine production has increased by around 3.5% (nearly 580,000 t) during the first eleven months of 2015. Concentrate production was up 4% during the period. The mine output from Peru and Indonesia recovered during this period. The mine production by Peru-the world’s third largest copper mine producer, increased by 19%. The production increased marginally by 0.8% and 2% in Chile and the US respectively. Region-wise, Asia recorded 8% rise in production. Also South America and North America recorded 4% and 2% increased output respectively. On the other hand, Africa and Oceania region recorded production decline of 1% and 3.5% respectively.
Meantime, global usage of the metal is estimated to have declined by around 1% (nearly 260,000 t) during January to November in 2015. The Chinese apparent demand increased marginally by nearly 2%. The usage by world countries excluding China has dropped by 4%. The Russian apparent usage dropped sharply by 48% whereas the EU demand declined 4%. Japanese apparent demand too witnessed sharp decline of 7%.

Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Gold and the 34-Month Moving Average

Gold gave up $8.70 last week (after the previous week's gain of $81.30/oz.) to close at 1,230 and printed a bearish harami candlestick on the weekly chart. Friday's close was on resistance at 1,230. Look for support at 1,190.

A breakout from the 34-month exponential moving average (chart) would be very bullish. Assuming a breakout, our price target is 1,370.

A 4yr cycle low is due in the first half of 2016 possibly as early as Feb/March but It looks increasingly as if it may have arrived last December. Wait for a breakout from the 34-month moving average to make that decision. Weekly cycles point to a high in late March.

Gold and the 34-Month Moving Average

Friday, February 19, 2016

Visualizing The World's Stock Exchanges

There are 60 major stock exchanges throughout the world, and their range of sizes is quite surprising.
As Visual Capitalist's Jeff Desjardin notes, at the high end of the spectrum is the mighty NYSE,representing $18.5 trillion in market capitalization, or about 27% of the total market for global equities.
At the lower end? Stock exchanges on the tiny islands of Malta, Cyprus, and Bermuda all range from just $1 billion to $4 billion in value. Even added together, these three exchanges make up just 0.01% of total market capitalization.

Visualizing The World's Stock Exchanges
Courtesy of: The Money Project

The Trillion Dollar Club
There are 16 exchanges that are a part of the “$1 Trillion Dollar Club” with more than $1 trillion in market capitalization. This elite group, with familiar names such as the NYSE, Nasdaq, LSE, Deutsche Borse, TMX Group, and Japan Exchange Group, comprise 87% of the world’s total value of equities.
Added together, the 44 names outside of this aforementioned group combine for just $9 trillion, or 13%, of the world’s total market capitalization.
Northern Dominance
From a geographical perspective, it is the Northern Hemisphere that is dominant. North America and Europe both hold 40.6% and 19.5% respectively of the world’s markets, and the vast majority of Asia’s 33.3% lies north of the equator in places like Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Tokyo, and Shanghai.
Notable exchanges that are south of the equator include the Australian Securities Exchange, the Indonesia Stock Exchange, the Johannesburg Stock Exchange and the Brazilian BM&F Bovespa.

S&P and Distressed Debt Issuers

It's definitely different this time...
The 2008 analog lines the current trajectory up with August 2008 right after Treasury Secretary Paulson told the world reassuringly that:
"Our economy has got very strong long-term fundamentals. And you know, your policy-makers and regulators here - we're very vigilant."
And we all know what happened next...
S&P and Distressed Debt Issuers

Could never happen again?
Yeah you're probably right...
S&P and Distressed Debt Issuers

If "everything's fixed," then why is the number of distressed debt issuers still the highest "since Lehman."
S&P and Distressed Debt Issuers
And the answer is not - it's just energy and it's different this time.

Thursday, February 18, 2016

Global Primary Aluminum market ends in deficit in 2015

Global Primary Aluminum market ends in deficit in 2015
The latest report published by the World Bureau of Metal Statistics (WBMS) indicates that global primary aluminum market has recorded a deficit during the year 2015. As per the report, the market reported a deficit of 356,000 tons when matched with the deficit of 589,000 reported during entire year 2014.
The production of primary aluminum was up by 8% during the entire year when matched with the previous year. The global production rose by 4,103 kt during this period, when compared with a year ago. The total reported stock of metal has declined further by 6,000 tonnes during the month of December 2015. The stocks at the end of the year stood at 3,783 kt, which is sufficient to meet 24 days demand. It must be noted that the stock levels at the end of 2014 had stood at 5,020 kt. The combined stocks held in London, Shanghai, USA and Tokyo exchanges totaled 3,228 kt at the end of 2015, down by 1,217 kt when matched with end-2014 levels.
Global production increased by 8% during the year 2015. China, with estimated production of 31,410 kt, accounted for more than 55% of the world production. Production in the EU-28 region rose by 9.3% whereas the output by NAFTA region fell by 2.2% year-on-year. The primary aluminum production for the month of December 2015 alone was 4,502.80 kt, whereas the consumption totaled 4,441.30 kt.
The Chinese net exports of aluminum semis totaled 4,227 kt during 2015, significantly higher when matched with the exports of 3,652 kt during the year before that. The Chinese net exports totaled 342 kt during the whole of 2015 as against the exports of 313 kt in 2014.
The WBMS report also states that the global aluminum demand rose by 7.19% during 2015 to total 57.71 million tonnes, when compared with 2014. The Chinese apparent demand went higher by almost 14.2% when compared with 2014. Also, EU-28 demand ended slightly higher during January to December 2015 by 25 kt when compared with 2014.

WBMS: Copper market records marginal surplus in 2015

WBMS: Copper market records marginal surplus in 2015
The global copper market has recorded a surplus of 146,000 tonnes during the whole year 2015, as per the latest metals balances report published by the World Bureau of Metal Statistics (WBMS). It must be noted that the worldwide copper market had reported a surplus of 116,000 tonnes for the entire year 2014.
The global mine production during 2015 totaled 19.28 million tonnes. The mine production has grown by 4.3% when matched with 2014. Meantime, global refined copper output jumped higher by 0.7% over the previous year to 23.08 million tonnes. Refined copper output by NAFTA region countries reported significant increase of 85,000 tonnes during the year. Also, refined copper production was up sharply by 27,000 tonnes in India during 2015.
The global copper demand during 2015 stood at 22.931 million tonnes, essentially flat when compared with 22.811 million tonnes during 2014. The Chinese apparent consumption increased marginally by 148,000 tonnes during the year to total 11.451 million tonnes. The Chinese demand accounted for nearly 50% of the global demand. Also, EU-28 apparent consumption reported marginal decline of 2.4% from 2014 levels to 3.311 million tonnes.
According to the report, reported stocks of the metal stood higher by 143,000 tonnes during the entire year 2015 when compared with 2014 closing. However, stocks fell during the month of December last year.
The refined copper output during the month of December 2015 alone was 2,000.60 kt, whereas consumption during the month totaled 2,046.10 kt.